VBA-Lesson 6.1. Data types (Variables)

Using variables we can record all types of information such as: numbers, text, date, etc.

Let's consider the first example:

Sub variables()
    'Declare the variable as an integer
    Dim my_variable As Integer
    'Assign a certain value to the variable
    my_variable = 12
    'Display the value of the variable in the message window
    MsgBox my_variable
End Sub

The first line of code declares a variable:

    Dim my_variable As Integer

In general, declaring variables is optional and the code will work, but it is strongly recommended. This makes it easier to work with them, find them, and solve various problems. In principle, declaring variables is a good programming habit.

The type of variable indicates the nature of its content (text, number, date, etc.).

The second ribbon assigns a value to a variable:

    my_variable = 12

And finally, the third ribbon displays the value of the variable in the message window:

    MsgBox my_variable

The result of executing the code will be as follows:

Types of variables

Name Type Description Character
Byte Number An integer between 0 and 255
Integer Number An integer between -32'768 and 32'767 %
Long Number An integer between - 2'147'483'648 and 2'147'483'647 &
Currency Number Fixed decimal number between -922'337'203'685'477.5808 and 922'337'203'685'477.5807 @
Single Number Floating point decimal number between -3.402823E38 and 3.402823E38 !
Double Number Floating point decimal number between -1.79769313486232D308 and 1.79769313486232D308 #
String Text Text $
Date Date Date and Time
Boolean Boolean True (Yes) or False (No)
Object Object Microsoft Object
Variant Other Any data type (default type if variable is not defined)

Let's consider several examples with different types of variables:

Dim nbInteger As Integer
nbInteger = 12345
'Decimal number
Dim nbComma As Single
nbComma = 123.45

Dim varText As String
varText = ""

Dim varDate As Date
varDate = "24.08.2012"

'Boolean value True/False
Dim varBoolean As Boolean
varBoolean = True
'Object (Worksheet as variable type)
Dim varSheet As Worksheet
Set varSheet = Sheets("Sheet2") 'Set => assignment of value to variable of type "object"
'An example of using a variable of type "object": activating a sheet

The symbols listed in the table can be used for a shorter declaration of variables:

Dim example As Integer
Dim example%

These two entries are identical.

You can also force the user to declare variables by specifying the Option Explicit command at the beginning of the module. In this case, an error message will appear if an undeclared variable was entered.

Articles on the topic:

  • VBA-Lesson 5. Properties
  • VBA-Lesson 6.2. Data types (Variables)